The highest mountain in Argentina is also the highest peak in the great mountain chain, the Andes. This mountain range is the longest in the world and, for some time, was believed to be the tallest too, such is its scale.
While the Himalayas have certainly taken that lofty accolade since the extensive surveys in the mid-19th Century, the Andes are the longest range in the world. They stretch 7,242 km (4,500 miles) along the entire west coast of South America, with an average height of 3,962 m (12,999 ft).
And at the high point of Argentina and the Andes is the mountain, Aconcagua (6,959 m/ 22,831 ft). It has two summits, a significant population of glaciers and is one of the Seven Summits. It’s great challenge to climbers is predominantly in its elevation and temperamental weather conditions.
Aconcagua’s true height is also a point of some contention. A commonly quoted but unofficial height is 6,961 m (22,838 ft). And Aconcagua, like many of the mountains in this chain, is only just Argentinian – the border with Chile is a mere 12 km (7.5 miles) from the peak.
The five highest peaks in Argentina:
• Aconcagua – 6,959 m (22,831 ft), found in the western province of Mendoza, the most southerly peak on this list.
• Ojos del Salado – 6,893 m (22,615 ft), found in in the north-west Argentina on the border with Chile. It is the world’s highest active volcano.
• Monte Pissis – 6,793 m (22,287 ft), found in the north-west La Rioja Province, on the border with Chile.
• Cerro Bonete – 6,759 m (22,175 ft), is only 30 km (18.5 miles) south of Monte Pissis and the second highest peak entirely in Argentina.
• Tres Cruces Sur – 6,749 m (22,142 ft), is only 23.5 km (14.5 miles) west of Ojos del Salado on the border with Chile.
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