MOUNT EVEREST (CHOMOLUNGMA IN CHINESE) IS THE HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN ASIA AND ON THE PLANET STANDING AT 8,848 M (29,029 FT) ABOVE SEA LEVEL. IT IS LOCATED AT THE BORDER BETWEEN TIBET AUTONOMOUS REGION, CHINA, AND NEPAL.
Mount Everest is one of the most popular climbing destinations in the world, yet it is also one of the most challenging ones. Majority of mountaineers attempting to ascend the peak are highly experienced and exceptionally trained in order to battle altitude sickness, harsh weather conditions, as well as possible threats from avalanches and icefalls, quite common in the region.
There are two main recognized climbing routes: the standard one approaching the peak from the southeast in Nepal and the other one running along the northern slope in Tibet.
The first ascent was achieved in 1953, when Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary used the southeast route to reach the summit. The first documented ascent from the northern side took place in 1960 by the Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua.
THE FIVE HIGHEST PEAKS IN ASIA:
- Everest – 8,848 m (29,029 ft), at the border between Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and Nepal.
- K2 – 8,611 m (28,251 ft), at the boder between the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China, and the Gilgit–Baltistan region, Pakistan.
- Kangchenjunga (Kanchenjunga) – 8,586 m (28,169 ft), at the border between Nepal and Sikkim, India.
- Lhotse – 8,516 m (27,940 ft), in the Everest massif, at the border between Tibet, China and the Khumbu region of Nepal.
- Makalu – 8,485 m (27,838 ft), at the border between Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and Nepal.
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